Ontology-based rhetorical figures recognition

  • Miljana Mladenović University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mathematics

Abstract

Automatic recognition of rhetorical figures (similes, irony, sarcasm, humor, metaphors, etc.) is increasingly used in natural language processing tasks, primarily to improve sentiment classification, machine translation, but also analyzis of linguistic structures on different levels. In this paper, we propose a method of automatic recognition and classification of rhetorical figures from a group of tropes that uses ontological inference rules in an ontology based on Serbian WordNet (SWN). A binary classification method was carried out on the rhetorical figure simile and evaluated by ROC curve (AUC = 0.696) which indicates that it can be successfully used in solving these types of tasks. Also it is proposed a semi-automatic ontology learning method, for further learning ontology SWN, by increasing the number and the type of relationships that can assist in the detection of figurative language in the texts in Serbian.

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Published
2016-06-09
How to Cite
MLADENOVIĆ, Miljana. Ontology-based rhetorical figures recognition. Infotheca - Journal for Digital Humanities, [S.l.], v. 16, n. 1-2, june 2016. ISSN 2217-9461. Available at: <https://infoteka.bg.ac.rs/ojs/index.php/Infoteka/article/view/2016.16.1_2.2_en>. Date accessed: 22 oct. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.18485/infotheca.2016.16.1_2.2.

Keywords

rhetorical figures; simile; ontology-based classification; WordNet